DRY, DEHYDRATED skin

DRY, DEHYDRATED skin

The notion of alipic skin is often confused with that of dehydrated skin, and confusion causes the application of inappropriate treatments. Both categories of skin can be more or less sensitive.

DRY SKIN is an ALIPIC complexion, the skin is thin and fragile, without highlighted pores, it usually causes discomfort and tends to peel especially around the nose and cheekbones.

Dry skin is a lipid-deficient skin, the hydrolipid film is damaged and does not have the ability to provide optimal protection, the sebaceous glands are insufficient or produce little sebum, the skin stretches, loses its elasticity.

This type of skin ages prematurely, is sensitive to the cold, wind and sun. This condition is largely due to a genetic predisposition and can be characteristic even of young people.

DEHYDRATED SKIN means primarily lack of water but the skin can also have a lipid deficiency at the same time. The skin is dull, lacking suppleness and elasticity, furrowed by fine wrinkles. Dehydration can be characteristic of virtually any skin type; even an oily skin can be dehydrated. It is important to properly diagnose the condition of the skin in order to establish the correct routine of care and hygiene. The main cause is lack of water in the body, smoking, consumption of drugs. It occurs more often with age. Dehydrated skin is slightly easier to balance than dry alipic skin because hydration can be done primarily from the inside (sufficient water consumption).

 

Dry skin care routine

 

CLEANSING, MAKEUP REMOVAL - daily

Even if you do not wear makeup, the skin should be cleaned. In fact, the term make-up removal covers in common parlance the cleansing of the face, not just the removal of the make-up. It is an essential step in any skin care routine. It is recommended to cleanse the skin in the evening to remove dirt from the environment, pollution, makeup and release the skin of secretions, dead cells, excess sebum and in the morning to release the skin of sebum and secreted toxins.

HOW and WITH WHAT KIND OF PRODUCTS?

  • remove makeup with an oily, biphasic cleanser or even with a vegetable oil, especially if the makeup contains lipstick and water-resistant mascara. A cleansing milk (fluid emulsion) can also be used. After cleansing, micellar water can be used to remove traces
  • a cleansing is performed with a cleanser (cleansing gel) suitable for dry skin, which contains surfactants. Some cleansers do not require rinsing, but for maximum comfort we recommend rinsing the skin with clean water
  • the next step is the application of a toner - which can be a solution composed of several ingredients or can be a floral water (melissa or neroli for example) - or a moisturizing lotion. No astringent, alcoholic, degreasing solutions are used

 

SKINCARE - daily

The application of a semi-greasy emollient day cream essentially aims to protect the skin by helping the proper functioning of its own protective barrier and balancing the hydrolipidic layer of the skin. The night cream has the role of vitaminizing, nourishing and regenerating the skin. Depending on the current needs of the skin, the care involves the application of preparations containing anti-wrinkle or anti-aging active ingredients, emollient, soothing, elasticizing, circulatory, firming and so on. The night cream can actually be a mix of vegetable oils + vitamins and fat-soluble active ingredients.

HOW and WITH WHAT KIND OF PRODUCTS?

  • regular application of rich, nourishing creams. Dry skin loves facial oils and emollient creams
  • the specific ingredients recommended for dry skin are emollients, moisturizing and antioxidant active ingredients: hyaluronic acid, vege-collagen, glycerin, vitamin E, panthenol, beeswax, mallow extract, cosmetic urea, lanolin, neroli water, coenzyme Q10
  • recommended vegetable oils : argan oil, aloe, avocado, broccoli seed, almond, wheat germ, olive, rosa mosqueta and vegetable butters: cocoa, shea
  • recommended essential oils: rosewood, neroli, palmarosa, damask rose
  • helpful ingredients for skin that is also sensitive: bisabolol, melissa water, aloe vera powder

 

 

EXFOLIATION - weekly or daily

Exfoliation can be performed mechanically or by chemical action. Deep cleansing helps remove dead cells, refines the texture of the skin, rids the skin of impurities, smoothes the surface of the skin. Mechanical exfoliation is recommended once a week. Exfoliation by chemical action can be done once a week or even daily; it depends on the condition of the skin and the concentration of the exfoliating ingredient. The exfoliating solution can be applied in the evening or in the morning. If applied in the morning, it should be 10-15 minutes before applying the day cream. It is not usually rinsed, but the gel exfoliants will be rinsed 10-15 minutes after application for skin comfort.

HOW and WITH WHAT KIND OF PRODUCTS?

  • mechanical exfoliation is performed with a semi-greasy exfoliating cream or with a freshly prepared composition, containing vegetable fibers, ground sugar or seeds chosen according to skin tolerance: coconut flakes, wheat or oat bran, strawberry seeds, exfoliating hibiscus flowers, jojoba pearls
  • chemical exfoliation is done with the help of AHA acids which are applied in the form of a gel or aqueous solution. The concentration of AHA will be determined according to skin tolerance, following the indications in the product sheet or in the recipe

 

 

MASKS - weekly

Carefully choose the right ingredients for your skin according to your current skin type and needs. The mask is applied to well-cleansed and dry skin, and left for 10-20 minutes (before feeling any discomfort or tightening) after which it is removed.

HOW and WITH WHAT KIND OF PRODUCTS?

  • before applying a mask, a facial sauna can be helpful, for the duration of 5-10 minutes, with an herbal infusion, with diluted floral waters or with 1-3 drops of essential oil in hot water
  • the ingredients can be selected considering the need for deep hydration, recovery of the hydro-lipid layer, the need for nutrients and antioxidants. Some ingredients for minute masks: clay, honey, vegetable oils, avocados and fresh non-acidic fruits, egg yolk, vegetable puree, any vitamin

 

 

 

 

Posted on 07/20/2015 Thematic articles

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