Soy Wax - description
Our Soy wax is a blend specifically developed for the production of container candles, suitable also for molded candles. It can be further blending with fragrances and oil soluble dyes.
Candles made with this pure vegetable wax have a creamy appearance and a good scent throw. It is safe for lip balm, lipstick and other skin care products such as sticks, body butters, massage candles.
This product is biodegradable and vegan friendly. No animal products are used and no animal testing has been carried out in its manufacture.
INCI: hydrogenated vegetable oil
Congealing Point 34-42 °C
Melting Point 42-48 °C
How to use Soy wax and make candle
Our Soy wax does not require additives, other than fragrance and colour. Old or partial candles may be remelted and the wax reused although it is advisable not to heat the wax above 85°C or heating for extended lengths of time.
Molds & Containers preparation:
Molds and containers should be clean and free of contaminants. Containers should be at least at room temperature, although pre-heating the containers to approx. 45-50°C can be beneficial.
Most dyes work with Soy wax: powder, liquid, chips, blocks, etc. When using powder dyes and mineral pigments, heat the wax to approx. 75°C, add the dye and mix until dissolved. Powder dyes may also be dissolved in fragrance and then added to the melted wax, be sure the dye has dissolved completely before adding. When using powder dyes dissolved in fragrance, liquid dyes, colour blocks, chips or no dye heat the wax to 70°C. If you wish to make your candle darker, add a little black dye to the colour you are using.
Our Soy wax may be used with fragrance at levels up to 10-12%, however fragrance which is specifically developed for use with natural waxes is highly recommended. Burn pool size and depth greatly affect fragrance throw so correct wicking is paramount. Some fragrances may react poorly with the wax causing bleeding, objectionable surface finishes or poor flame quality. This has been found to be exaggerated when using fragrances specifically designed for use in Paraffin wax candles.
Always use essential oils and fragrances with a flash point higher then 75°C.
Natural waxes tend to require larger wick sizes than traditional paraffin waxes. Fragrance, colour and candle configuration have a great impact on the best wick choice. Too large of a wick may cause sooting, accelerated burn times and guttering (wax leaking through the side of the candle). Too small a wick will cause tunnelling and produce a smaller flame. If you experience poor flame quality or stability, try a different type of wick. Test burning should be done after the candle has had a chance to sit for 48 hours after pouring.
Temporary high temperatures (up to 90°C) have no adverse effect as long as the wax is cooled back down quickly. Higher temperatures may cause the wax to discolour. Allow the wax to cool to your desired pour temperature, add the fragrance and mix well. Be sure to stir/mix the wax while melting. Avoid using containers containing copper and zinc as this may accelerate discolouration. Stainless Steel is the material of choice although mild steel is acceptable.
Pour temperatures may vary according to mould type & size, fragrance & dye used and the effects the candle maker wishes to achieve. Greater adhesion to containers can be achieved by pouring at temperature close to congealing point (approximately 45-50°C). Fragrance should be added and mixed immediately prior to pouring where practical. If you experience difficulties with your pour temperature, try a lower or higher temperature in increments of 5-10°C. Consider pouring into preheated moulds for better adhesion to glass containers.
Our Soy wax is formulated to require only a single pour in most containers however, for some large containers; a top-up is required to achieve the best candle surface. A small amount of wax at a slightly warmer temperature than the candle was poured at can be used to top-up the candle before the candle is fully cool (pouring the top-up once the candle is completely cool may result in a reduction of adhesion to the container).
Candle in container
Cool undisturbed candles at an ambient temperature of 21-24°C, allowing air circulation for even cooling. The container should remain open during cooling for at least 24 hrs (large candles may require longer times). Slower cooling will encourage container adhesion while quicker cooling will encourage the pull away.
There is a difference in cooling rates for different container configurations. Cooling too quickly or too slowly can cause cracking, concaving or frosting. Large jars, above 200 ml in size cool slower, while smaller containers, especially metal/tin containers cool fast.
Candle in molds
This soy wax is self-releasing, cool undisturbed candles at temperature of approx 21°C or cooler to facilitate the shrink back from the mold and easier release. Slower cooling will encourage the candle to adhere to the mold causing it not to release, while quicker cooling will encourage pull away and release.
Candles should be allowed to sit undisturbed for 48 hours before test burning.
Check wicking. Test burn the candle for burn pool diameter and ”mushrooming” after it has cooled for 48 hours. Mushrooming is when carbon and/or other substances build up on the end of the wick interfering with combustion. Mushrooming can cause sooting and poor odours. Try different wicks until you have your desired burn pool diameter and a good clean flame.
Every combination of container, wax, dye, fragrance and wick must be tested for burn quality.
Storage: store in a cool dry place
Cautions: do not ingest; external use